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What Is Neurofeedback?
Biofeedback is the process of gaining greater awareness of the physiological functions of the body, with the goal of being able to change and improve these functions. Neurofeedback is biofeedback for your brain.
The brain needs healthy fast- and slow-moving brainwave activity to function at its best. Neurofeedback is a non-invasive, reward-based training system for your brain that works to change the electrical activity of your brain.
All neurofeedback methods include EEG sensors that monitor your brainwaves and a computer to send feedback back to you. There are different ways to receive this feedback. It can involve playing a game, listening to music, or watching a video.
The stimulus (game, music, or video) only operates smoothly when your brainwaves are functioning within an optimal range. This acts as a reward for your brain.
When your brainwaves fire at a rate that’s not optimal, you’ll receive negative feedback (your movie pauses, the music stops, etc.). This tells your brain that something is out of balance and encourages it to “figure out” how to return to a seamless movie, music, or game.
Over the course of a neurofeedback training program, your brain learns from this feedback. This can promote lasting structural changes within your brain. The brain then consistently operates within a more efficient range outside of your training sessions, optimizing your performance.
HRV is a measure of the variation in time between each heartbeat. This variation is controlled by the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Monitoring HRV is a non-invasive way to help identify ANS imbalances.
Who Uses Neurofeedback?
Many professional athletes, Olympians, and business professionals use Neurofeedback to improve their performance through better focus, creativity, and stress management. Often, people also experience supplemental benefits to Neurofeedback training, like improved sleep quality, less anxiety, and a greater ability to adapt and tackle daily challenges.